How To Propagate Ficus Alii Plant ?

Ficus Alii Plant

There’s a unique beauty in watching a plant grow, isn’t there? It’s like being witness to a silent, graceful dance of nature that unfolds in its own sweet time.

But when that plant is a Ficus Alii, the experience becomes even more special. Known for its slender, elegant foliage and robust adaptability, Ficus Alii, or the Banana leaf fig, holds a charm that’s hard to resist.

Now, imagine having the ability to multiply that charm in your own home. Propagation can make that possible. In this article, we’ll explore the fascinating journey of propagating your Ficus Alii, breaking down each step, and making the process as simple as possible.Also, here is a detailed article on how to care for Ficus Alii Plant

Ficus Alii Propagation Basics

Propagation MethodTime for PropagationWorking Time of Each MethodTotal Time of Each MethodDifficulty LevelMaterials Required
1Cuttings in WaterBest in Spring1-2 hours6-8 weeksModerateSharp sterilized knife, Glass jar, Room temperature water
2Cuttings in SoilBest in Spring1-2 hours6-8 weeksModerateSharp sterilized knife, Pot with well-draining soil, Plastic bag
3Air LayeringBest in Spring2-3 hours8-12 weeksAdvancedSharp sterilized knife, Sphagnum moss, Plastic wrap, String or Twist ties

The table above offers a brief overview of three popular Ficus Alii propagation methods. By understanding the nuances of each method – the time investment, difficulty level, and materials needed – you’ll be better equipped to choose the most suitable approach for your plant’s propagation.

Remember, the success of propagation depends not only on choosing the right method but also on the care and attention given during the propagation process. In the following sections, we will delve deeper into each of these methods to provide you with a comprehensive guide to propagating your Ficus Alii.

Propagation Methods

Let’s delve deeper into each method of Ficus Alii propagation, looking at the steps involved, required materials, and the pros and cons of each.

Cuttings in Water

Ficus Alii Plant (8)

This is one of the most popular methods due to its simplicity and effectiveness. Here’s how to do it:


  1. Using a sharp, sterilized knife, make a cut about 4-6 inches down from the new growth on your Ficus Alii.
  2. Remove the leaves from the bottom 2 inches of the cutting.
  3. Place the cutting in a glass jar filled with room temperature water.
  4. Position the jar in a warm, bright location out of direct sunlight.
  5. Change the water every 2-3 days to keep it fresh.
  6. Wait for roots to appear, which usually takes 4-6 weeks.
  7. Once the roots are 2-3 inches long, transfer the cutting to a pot with well-draining soil.


  • It allows you to visually monitor root growth.
  • It doesn’t require special equipment or supplies, beyond a glass jar.


  • It takes a bit longer for the plant to acclimate when transitioning from water to soil.
  • There’s a risk of root rot if water isn’t changed regularly.

Cuttings in Soil

Ficus Alii Plant (10)

This method is a bit more hands-off and may be less intimidating for beginners.


  1. As with the water method, make a cut about 4-6 inches down from the new growth on your Ficus Alii using a sharp, sterilized knife.
  2. Remove the leaves from the bottom 2 inches of the cutting.
  3. Prepare a pot with well-draining soil.
  4. Insert the cutting into the soil, ensuring the node (where you removed the leaves) is buried.
  5. Cover the pot with a clear plastic bag to create a mini greenhouse, keeping the humidity high.
  6. Place the pot in a bright location out of direct sunlight.
  7. Water sparingly, only when the top inch of soil feels dry.
  8. Look for new growth as a sign of successful rooting, typically seen in 4-6 weeks.


  • It eliminates the need to transition the plant from water to soil.
  • The plant usually adjusts more quickly to its final growing conditions.


  • You can’t visually monitor the rooting progress.
  • Overwatering or poor soil drainage can lead to root rot.

Air Layering

Ficus Alii Plant (11)

Air layering is a slightly advanced method, but it can be highly successful.


  1. Choose a healthy stem on your Ficus Alii. Make an upward 1-inch slit about 12-18 inches down from the stem’s tip.
  2. Insert a toothpick into the slit to keep it open.
  3. Wet a handful of sphagnum moss, squeeze out excess water, and wrap it around the slit stem.
  4. Wrap the moss and stem with clear plastic wrap, securing with string or twist ties.
  5. Keep the moss moist by occasionally opening the wrap and misting.
  6. After 8-12 weeks, check for root growth in the moss.
  7. Once roots are visible, cut the stem off below the root ball, remove the plastic wrap, and pot the new plant in well-draining soil.


  • It allows for larger cuttings, which can result in a bigger plant sooner.
  • The mother plant continues to nourish the cutting until roots form.


  • It’s more complicated than the other methods.
  • It requires more materials, and the process can be messier.

Potential Challenges in Propagating Your Ficus Alii

Even with the best of efforts, you may encounter some roadblocks while propagating your Ficus Alii. Fear not, as these are common and can be overcome with the right knowledge and techniques.

1. Delayed Root Formation

The Problem: You’ve followed the propagation steps, but weeks have gone by and your cuttings aren’t showing any signs of root formation.

The Solution: Patience is key when propagating Ficus Alii. Different cuttings root at different rates, and it may take 6-8 weeks for roots to appear. Ensure your cuttings are in a warm and bright location, but out of direct sunlight, as too much light can dry out the cutting.

2. Root Rot

The Problem: Your cuttings started well, but the roots have become soft, discolored, or have a foul smell – all signs of root rot.

The Solution: Root rot usually occurs due to overly wet conditions. If propagating in water, make sure you change the water every 2-3 days to prevent bacteria buildup. If you’re propagating in soil, ensure you’re using a well-draining mix and only water when the top inch of soil feels dry.

3. Leaf Drop or Wilt

The Problem: The leaves on your cuttings are dropping off or wilting, making your plant look unhappy.

The Solution: Leaf drop can be a sign of stress from too much sunlight, underwatering, or a sudden change in temperature. Assess your plant’s environment and make adjustments as needed.

Ficus Alii Plant (2)

4. No New Growth

The Problem: Your cutting has formed roots and has been transferred to soil, but there’s no sign of new growth.

The Solution: Just like root formation, the appearance of new growth can take time. Keep caring for your plant, ensuring it has the right light conditions, and adequate water. Remember, it’s easy to overwater a newly potted cutting – wait until the top inch of soil is dry before watering.

Tips To Propagate Your Ficus Alii The Right Way

Whether you’re a seasoned plant enthusiast or just beginning your houseplant journey, propagating your Ficus Alii can be an exciting adventure. It’s like helping your plant tell its story, but this time, with you as an integral part of its narrative. Now, let’s explore some insider tips to propagate your Ficus Alii effectively. We’ve divided these tips into two categories: basic and advanced, to cater to all levels of gardening expertise.

Basic Level Tips

Water Propagation :

Water propagation is a great starting point for beginners. It’s simple, requires minimal equipment, and offers the thrill of visually witnessing your Ficus Alii cutting develop roots. The main thing to remember here is the importance of clean, fresh water and the right environment.

  1. When placing your cutting in water, ensure the jar is clean to minimize the risk of bacteria or fungal growth.
  2. Change the water every 2-3 days to keep it fresh and oxygenated. This prevents the cutting from suffocating and reduces the chance of root rot.
  3. Keep the jar in a warm, bright spot but out of direct sunlight. Too much light can stress the cutting and cause it to dry out.

Soil Propagation

Soil propagation closely mimics the plant’s natural growing conditions, offering an easy transition from cutting to fully-fledged plant. Here are some handy pointers:

  1. Use a well-draining soil mix to prevent waterlogging. An equal mix of peat moss and perlite works well for Ficus Alii.
  2. Maintain a humid environment by covering your potted cutting with a clear plastic bag. This creates a mini greenhouse effect.
  3. Water sparingly. It’s easy to overwater a fresh cutting, which can lead to root rot. Always allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering.

Advanced Level Tips

Propagation by Division

Propagation by division involves splitting a mature plant into smaller parts, each with its own roots, stem, and leaves. This method is slightly more advanced and is best suited to mature, bushy Ficus Alii plants.

  1. Carefully remove your Ficus Alii from its pot and gently separate the roots. Look for natural divisions in the plant where it can be split without causing damage.
  2. Ensure each division has a healthy root system and at least one robust stem with leaves.
  3. Re-pot each division into a suitable pot with well-draining soil and care for them as you would a mature plant.

Air Layering

Air layering is an advanced propagation technique that encourages a stem to produce roots while it’s still attached to the parent plant.

  1. Select a healthy stem and make an upward 1-inch cut into it.
  2. Keep the cut open with a toothpick and wrap it in moist sphagnum moss.
  3. Secure the moss with a clear plastic wrap and wait for roots to develop.
  4. Once roots are formed, cut the stem below the rooted section and plant it in a pot with well-draining soil.
Ficus Alii Plant (5)

Frequently Asked Questions

What’s the best time of year to propagate Ficus Alii?

The best time to propagate Ficus Alii is in the spring when the plant is in its active growth phase. This gives the new cuttings the best chance of rooting successfully.

Can I propagate Ficus Alii in winter?

Ficus Alii enters a dormant phase in winter, which means it’s not the best time for propagation. However, if you can provide adequate warmth, humidity, and light indoors, it may still be possible.

Why are the leaves on my Ficus Alii cutting wilting?

The leaves on your Ficus Alii cutting may wilt due to stress from a change in environment, overwatering, or inadequate light. Make sure your cutting is in a warm, bright spot but out of direct sunlight, and be careful not to overwater

How long does it take for a Ficus Alii cutting to root?

It typically takes between 6-8 weeks for a Ficus Alii cutting to root. However, this can vary depending on the propagation method used, the time of year, and the specific conditions in your home.

Can Ficus Alii be propagated from leaves?

Ficus Alii is typically propagated from stem cuttings rather than leaves. A stem cutting that includes a leaf node has a better chance of successfully rooting and growing into a new plant.

Why are the roots of my Ficus Alii cutting in water turning black?

Black roots can be a sign of root rot, which is typically caused by stagnant or dirty water. Make sure to change the water every 2-3 days to keep it fresh and oxygenated.

About Christopher Evans

Hello, I'm Chris, the green-thumbed Founder of I'm passionate about bringing the beauty of nature indoors through houseplants and indoor gardening. Let's create healthier and more beautiful living spaces, one plant at a time!

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