How to Propagate Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine

Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine

Are you a lover of lush, dramatic houseplants that can transform your home into an indoor jungle? If so, it’s time to get acquainted with the delightful Monstera adansonii, affectionately known as the Swiss Cheese Vine. Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine

This stunning vining plant, native to Central and South America, has surged in popularity among houseplant enthusiasts for its unique fenestrated leaves and relative ease of care.

In this article, I’ll impart my knowledge on how to propagate the Swiss Cheese Vine, ensuring that your indoor jungle continues to flourish and grow. Also, here is a detailed article on how to care for Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine

Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine Propagation Basics:

Propagation MethodTime for PropagationWorking TimeTotal TimeDifficulty LevelMaterials Required
Stem Cuttings1-2 months30 minutes2 monthsModeratePruners, Pot, Potting Soil, Rooting Hormone(optional)
Air Layering2-3 months45 minutes3 monthsModerate to DifficultPruners, Pot, Sphagnum Moss, Plastic Wrap, String
Water Propagation1-2 months30 minutes2 monthsEasyPruners, Glass Jar, Water

Propagation Methods

Stem Cuttings Method:

Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine


  1. Choose the Cutting: Select a healthy stem with at least one or two leaves and an aerial root, if possible.
  2. Cut the Stem: Using clean, sharp pruners, cut the stem just below a node.
  3. Prepare the Pot: Fill a pot with well-draining potting soil mixed with some perlite or sand.
  4. Plant the Cutting: Dip the cut end in the rooting hormone (optional), then plant it in the soil.
  5. Water and Cover: Water lightly, then cover the pot with a plastic bag to create humidity.
  6. Place in Bright, Indirect Light: Keep the cutting in a warm spot with indirect light.
  7. Monitor Growth: Watch for root growth, which usually occurs in 1-2 months.

Materials Required:

  • Sharp pruners
  • Pot
  • Potting soil mixed with perlite or sand
  • Rooting hormone (optional)
  • Plastic bag


  • Easy and accessible method
  • High success rate


  • Slower root growth compared to water propagation
  • Risk of rot if the soil stays too wet

Air Layering Method:

Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine


  1. Select a Healthy Stem: Look for a vigorous stem with a healthy aerial root.
  2. Make a Slit: Carefully make a slit just below a node without cutting through the stem.
  3. Apply Sphagnum Moss: Dampen sphagnum moss and wrap it around the slit.
  4. Wrap with Plastic Wrap: Secure the moss by wrapping it with plastic wrap and tying it with string.
  5. Monitor Growth: Keep the moss moist, and roots should form in 2-3 months.
  6. Plant: Once roots appear, cut the stem below the roots and plant in the soil.

Materials Required:

  • Sharp pruners
  • Sphagnum moss
  • Plastic wrap
  • String


  • Can promote healthy root growth without cutting the stem
  • Suitable for larger or more mature plants


  • More complex and requires careful attention
  • Risk of failure if moss dries out

Water Propagation Method:

Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine


  1. Choose and Cut the Stem: Similar to soil propagation, select a healthy stem and cut below a node.
  2. Place in Water: Place the cutting in a glass jar with enough water to submerge the node.
  3. Bright, Indirect Light: Keep the jar in a warm spot with indirect light.
  4. Change Water Regularly: Change the water every week to prevent rot.
  5. Monitor Growth: Roots should appear in 1-2 months, at which point you can plant in soil.

Materials Required:

  • Sharp pruners
  • Glass jar
  • Water


  • Easy to monitor root growth
  • Faster root development compared to soil propagation


  • Transplant shock when moving from water to soil
  • Risk of rot if water is not changed regularly

Problems in Propagate

A thrilling journey of nurturing a small cutting into a whole new plant. But, as rewarding as it can be, this venture doesn’t come without its share of challenges. Let’s dive in to uncover some potential pitfalls that might come your way while propagating Monstera adansonii, and rest assured, we will equip you with solutions to navigate around them effectively.

1. Cutting fails to root: Sometimes, despite our best efforts, cuttings just refuse to produce roots. This could be due to several factors, such as a lack of humidity, improper temperatures, or poor cutting selection.

Solution: Ensure that the environment is conducive to root development. This includes maintaining high humidity, ideal temperatures around 70-75°F (21-24°C), and choosing healthy, vigorous stems for cutting.

2. Rotting Stems: This is a common problem, especially with the water propagation method. If the water isn’t changed regularly, or if the plant is left to sit in overly wet soil, the stem might rot.

Solution: Ensure you change the water regularly, preferably every week. For soil propagation, make sure the soil is well-draining to avoid waterlogging.

3. Pests and Diseases: Cuttings are more susceptible to pests and diseases. You might notice fungal growth or infestations from pests like spider mites or aphids.

Solution: Keep your propagation area clean and monitor the cutting regularly. If you notice any pests, isolate the cutting and treat it with a suitable pesticide. Fungal problems can usually be resolved by improving ventilation and ensuring the plant isn’t overly wet.

4. Leaf Yellowing: If you notice the leaves on your cutting turning yellow, it could be due to insufficient light or overwatering.

Solution: Move the cutting to a location with bright, indirect light and reduce watering.

5. Transplant Shock: This is a common problem with water-propagated plants when they are transplanted to soil. The change in environment can be stressful, causing leaf drop or wilting.

Solution: When moving a water propagated cutting to soil, do it gradually. You can add some soil to the water every few days to get the plant used to its new medium.

Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine

Tips to Grow

Basic Level Tips:

1. Always Use Healthy Parent Plants: A healthy parent plant is the first step towards successful propagation. Look for vibrant leaves and robust growth. Weak or diseased plants are less likely to propagate successfully.

2. Clean Your Tools: Always use clean, sharp tools for making your cuttings. This helps prevent the spread of diseases and ensures a clean cut that will heal well.

3. Patience Is Key: Patience is your best friend when it comes to plant propagation. Root development takes time, so don’t worry if you don’t see immediate results.

Advanced Level Tips:

1. Rooting Hormone: Using a rooting hormone can help stimulate root growth and increase your chances of successful propagation. This is particularly useful for soil and sphagnum moss propagation.

2. Humidity Is Crucial: The Swiss Cheese Vine loves humidity. You can create a mini-greenhouse environment for your cuttings by covering them with a clear plastic bag.

3. Water Quality: If you’re opting for water propagation, use filtered, non-chlorinated water if possible. Tap water can contain chemicals that hinder root growth.

Now, let’s explore two popular propagation methods – soil and water propagation, and some step-by-step guidance for each.

Soil Propagation:

Soil propagation is one of the most commonly used methods for Monstera adansonii. It simulates the plant’s natural growing environment, leading to stronger root systems.

Step-by-Step Process:

  1. Prepare your pot: Choose a pot with drainage holes and fill it with a well-draining potting mix.
  2. Make your cutting: Choose a healthy stem and cut just below a node. Make sure your cutting has at least one leaf.
  3. Plant your cutting: Dip the cut end in the rooting hormone, then plant it in the soil. Cover with a plastic bag to create a humid environment.
  4. Wait and Watch: Place in a bright spot with indirect light and wait for roots to develop. This usually takes 1-2 months.

Water Propagation:

Water propagation allows you to observe root growth directly, making it an exciting process for plant lovers.

Step-by-Step Process:

  1. Choose and Cut the Stem: Select a healthy stem and cut just below a node.
  2. Place in Water: Submerge the cut end in a jar of water, making sure the node is under the water level.
  3. Bright, Indirect Light: Place the jar in a warm spot with bright, indirect light.
  4. Change Water Regularly: Replace the water every week to keep it fresh and free from bacteria.
Monstera Swiss Cheese Vine

Frequently Asked Questions

Why are the leaves on my Swiss Cheese Vine not splitting?

The Swiss Cheese Vine is a climber by nature and its leaves split as it matures and climbs. Providing a moss pole or some other support can encourage leaf splitting. Also, ensure it is receiving adequate light as inadequate light can lead to fewer split leaves.

Is the Swiss Cheese Vine toxic?

Yes, like many houseplants, the Swiss Cheese Vine is mildly toxic if ingested. Keep it out of reach of children and pets.

Why are the leaves on my Swiss Cheese Vine turning yellow?

Overwatering is a common cause of yellow leaves. Check the soil before watering and ensure it’s dry to the touch.

How often should I water my Swiss Cheese Vine?

Watering frequency depends on many factors, including light, temperature, and pot size. A good rule of thumb is to let the top inch of soil dry out between watering.

Can I grow a Swiss Cheese Vine outside?

Yes, the Swiss Cheese Vine can grow outside in USDA zones 10 and 11, where the temperature does not fall below 30°F (-1°C).

About Christopher Evans

Hello, I'm Chris, the green-thumbed Founder of I'm passionate about bringing the beauty of nature indoors through houseplants and indoor gardening. Let's create healthier and more beautiful living spaces, one plant at a time!

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