Foxtail Fern

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Dive into the captivating world of the Foxtail Fern (Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myers’) – a spectacular houseplant whose beauty lies in its bushy fronds and bright red berries.

This evergreen perennial, despite its name, is not a true fern, but an asparagus! Yet, it bears the sophisticated look of ferns, making it a favored choice among indoor garden enthusiasts. Also, here is a detailed article on how to care for Foxtail Fern

This article will unfold the fascinating details of this plant, providing an in-depth understanding of its care and management. For Propagation, see how to propagate Foxtail Fern?

Plant Overview

Here is a quick glimpse of the Foxtail Fern’s attributes. Each characteristic plays a vital role in the plant’s care and sustainability.

Botanical NameAsparagus densiflorus ‘Myers’
Common NameFoxtail Fern, Myers Fern
Plant TypeEvergreen perennial
Average Size2-3 feet high and wide
Sunlight RequirementsBright, indirect light
Soil TypeWell-draining, rich in organic matter
Soil pHSlightly acidic to neutral (6.1-7.3)
Bloom TimeLate spring to summer
Flower ColorWhite, insignificant flowers
Native RegionSouthern Africa

Plant Description

The Foxtail Fern is truly a sight to behold. It’s named after the unique growth pattern of its needle-like leaves, which fan out and arch over in dense, foxtail-like plumes, creating a fluffy appearance. A member of the Asparagus family, it is an ‘herbaceous perennial’, meaning it retains its lush greenery throughout the year.

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This plant hails from the rocky coastal regions of Southern Africa, hence its resilience and adaptability. Its branches can grow up to 2-3 feet long, producing clusters of tiny, white, barely noticeable flowers in late spring to summer. These blooms eventually transform into vivid red berries, adding a pop of color to the plant’s overall greenery.

Its foliage, comprised of bright green, slender, needle-like leaves, brings texture and dimension to any space. Despite their soft look, the fronds are hardy and require less maintenance compared to real ferns. In its natural habitat, Foxtail Fern can spread and cover the ground, but as an indoor plant, it remains compact and well-suited to pots and planters.

While the Foxtail Fern is a relatively easy plant to care for, it does appreciate specific conditions to thrive. A well-lit location away from direct sunlight, slightly acidic to neutral soil rich in organic matter, regular watering, and occasional feeding with balanced houseplant fertilizer will keep this plant happy and healthy.

Additionally, it’s crucial to remember that Foxtail Ferns are mildly toxic. The red berries they produce should not be consumed, as they can cause mild gastrointestinal discomfort. Care should be taken to place the plant out of reach of children and pets.

By understanding and implementing the proper care and management techniques, you can enjoy the lush, feathery foliage of the Foxtail Fern in your home for many years. This attractive plant can surely enhance the aesthetic appeal of any indoor space, bringing a piece of the wild into your home.

Identification of Plant

The Foxtail Fern, at a glance, strikes with its unique, foxtail-like plumes that can grow up to 2-3 feet long. Its dense clusters of needle-like leaves are bright green and soft, yet robust. Each leaflet, though small and seemingly delicate, adds to the overall lushness of the plant.

The plant produces tiny, white, almost inconspicuous flowers during late spring to summer. These bloom clusters eventually evolve into vivid, ruby-red berries that offer a striking contrast to the verdant foliage, adding to the plant’s ornamental charm.

This evergreen perennial maintains its vibrant green color throughout the year, making it a constant source of freshness and beauty in any indoor setting.

Types and Varieties

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While there are many species within the Asparagus genus, the densiflorus species hosts two primary cultivars that are widely popular:

  1. Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myers’: This is the Foxtail Fern we are focused on. It is characterized by its bushy, foxtail-like fronds, making it a distinctive ornamental plant.
  2. Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’: Commonly known as the Asparagus Fern or Sprenger’s Asparagus, this cultivar varies significantly from the ‘Myers’. Its fronds are more arching and less dense, giving the plant a softer, cascading appearance.

Facts about the plant

  1. Not a True Fern: Despite its name, the Foxtail Fern is not a fern at all! It belongs to the Asparagus family, which is more closely related to lilies and agaves than to ferns.
  2. Bird Friendly: Birds often use the dense foliage of Foxtail Ferns as a nesting site, while the bright red berries serve as a food source.
  3. Resilient Beauty: The Foxtail Fern’s native habitats are the arid regions of Southern Africa, making it exceptionally drought-tolerant for an ornamental plant.
  4. Symbol of Endurance: In the Victorian language of flowers, Asparagus Ferns symbolize strength and endurance, owing to their ability to thrive under challenging conditions.
  5. Medicinal Uses: In some traditional medicines, extracts from Asparagus densiflorus have been used as a diuretic and for treating urinary problems, though this is not recommended without medical supervision.
  6. Edible Asparagus Relative: The Foxtail Fern is a cousin to the Asparagus officinalis, the asparagus species we enjoy in our meals. However, Foxtail Fern is not edible and can cause stomach upset if ingested.

Tips to Grow This Plant

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  1. Right Light Conditions: Foxtail Fern prefers bright, indirect light. A spot near a north or east-facing window is ideal. If the light is too low, the plant’s growth may become leggy.
  2. Well-Draining Soil: Use a potting mix rich in organic matter that drains well. Overly saturated soil can lead to root rot.
  3. Watering Regime: Water your Foxtail Fern regularly but let the soil dry out between waterings. Overwatering can be detrimental to the plant’s health.
  4. Fertilize Correctly: Feed your plant with a balanced houseplant fertilizer every few weeks during the growing season (spring to early fall).
  5. Temperature and Humidity: Foxtail Ferns do well in typical indoor temperature ranges (65-75°F). While they tolerate lower humidity levels, they appreciate occasional misting to mimic their natural humid environment.
  6. Pruning and Repotting: Prune any yellow or brown fronds to maintain the plant’s aesthetics. Repot the plant every two years or so to refresh the soil and provide more space for growth.

Major Problems

  1. Yellowing or Browning Fronds: Overwatering or poor drainage could lead to this issue. Ensure the plant’s potting mix is well-draining and water only when the top inch of the soil is dry.
  2. Leggy Growth: If your Foxtail Fern is not receiving enough light, it may start to grow spindly and leggy. Move it to a location with brighter, indirect light.
  3. Pests: Foxtail Ferns can occasionally be troubled by common houseplant pests such as mealybugs, spider mites, or aphids. Regularly inspect your plant and use a mild insecticidal soap or neem oil at the first sign of infestation.
  4. Toxicity: Remember, the berries of the Foxtail Fern are mildly toxic if ingested. Keep the plant away from pets and small children.

Care and Maintenance

  1. Light: Keep your Foxtail Fern in bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves.
  2. Water: Allow the top inch of the soil to dry out between waterings. Overwatering can lead to root rot.
  3. Soil: A well-draining potting mix rich in organic matter is perfect for this plant. It prefers slightly acidic to neutral pH levels (6.1-7.3).
  4. Humidity and Temperature: While it tolerates average indoor humidity, the plant appreciates occasional misting. Keep the temperature between 65-75°F.
  5. Fertilizing: Feed your Foxtail Fern with a balanced houseplant fertilizer every few weeks during the growing season.
  6. Pruning: Cut away any brown or yellowing fronds to maintain the plant’s vibrant look.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is the Foxtail Fern a true fern?

No, the Foxtail Fern isn’t a true fern. It’s actually a member of the Asparagus family.

Why is my Foxtail Fern turning yellow?

Yellowing of leaves can be due to overwatering or poor drainage. Ensure your potting mix is well-draining and let the soil dry out between waterings.

Can Foxtail Ferns grow in low light?

Foxtail Ferns prefer bright, indirect light. While they can tolerate lower light conditions, their growth may become leggy.

Are Foxtail Ferns toxic to pets?

Yes, the berries of Foxtail Ferns are mildly toxic and can cause gastrointestinal upset if ingested by pets or humans.

How often should I fertilize my Foxtail Fern?

During the growing season (spring to early fall), it’s beneficial to fertilize your Foxtail Fern every few weeks with a balanced houseplant fertilizer.

How big can Foxtail Ferns grow?

Indoor Foxtail Ferns typically grow 2-3 feet tall and wide, but with optimal care conditions, they can grow larger.

Can I grow Foxtail Ferns outdoors?

Yes, in suitable climates (USDA zones 9-11), Foxtail Ferns can be grown outdoors. However, they should be protected from frost and overly intense sunlight.

About Christopher Evans

Hello, I'm Chris, the green-thumbed Founder of I'm passionate about bringing the beauty of nature indoors through houseplants and indoor gardening. Let's create healthier and more beautiful living spaces, one plant at a time!

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